In December, a federal judge ruled that the federal Commerce Department would be required to take control of web hosting companies.
The government’s move has been opposed by major web hosting firms, including HostGator, which have been criticized for their high price tag and poor customer service.
According to a recent report by the non-profit consumer group Public Knowledge, the Justice Department will also have a “decision-making role” in deciding what hosts will accept the federal broadband plan.
The Department of Commerce also has a “penalty” for not complying with the law.
HostGators website states: “HostGator is committed to maintaining an open and transparent web hosting environment that protects consumers’ privacy, security and economic well-being.”
The government also wants to require web hosting providers to “pre-clear” any data stored on their servers.
The bill would also require the Department of Labor to create “assessments of the cost, impact, and effectiveness of the proposed rule.”
The bill also calls for a “minimal and uniform review” of all government-issued websites.
This is the first time the Justice Departments “penalties” have been introduced since the Internet was launched in 1995.
A number of other government agencies and businesses have also criticized the federal approach to the web.
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau recently filed a lawsuit against the Department for its “unprecedented and unnecessary” regulation of financial services companies.
Also in December, the Department’s inspector general released a report on the federal response to cyberattacks and a “lack of transparency” over government response to the ransomware attacks.
Federal agencies have also been criticized over their use of data-mining software to analyze data from financial institutions, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Federal Trade Commission.
The Government Accountability Office also found that federal agencies were not “robustly monitoring” the risks of their IT systems.
On Thursday, the Senate passed the bill by a vote of 50-47.
The House is expected to approve the bill this week.